The battle soon erupted, and III Corps was decimated by the incessant cavalry chargeslosing over half its soldiers. Louis-Napoleon, in the interest of preserving prosperity staged a coup inallowing him to remain in power and within a year dissolved the republic, established the French Second Empire and proclaimed himself Emperor Napoleon III.
The French army might cross the Rhine and hit the Prussians while they were still unloading their troop trains.
Once blocked from retreat, the French in the fortress of Metz had no choice but to engage in a fight that would see the last major cavalry engagement in Western Europe.
While this insult to the king may have been enough of a pretext for war against France in and of itself, Bismarck had other plans. Despite an unceasing attack from Prussian infantry, the soldiers of the 2nd Division kept to their positions.
Inupon the death of the only son of Napoleon and his father inbecame heir to the Napoleonic line. Douay held a very strong position initially, thanks to the accurate long-range rapid fire of the Chassepot rifles, but his force was too thinly stretched to hold it.
Russia which was a Slavic nation like Serbia was pledged to defend Serbia and soon began mobilization of its troops against Austria-Hungary. However, there was no formal alliance between France and Austria or Denmark.
Privat to prevent the Guards attack from failing too. True, he had upset the European balance of power with his expansionist wars, but afterward he rebalanced the scales, this time with Germany as one of the strongest weights. The people of the town of Wissembourg finally surrendered to the Germans.
The French had lost the opportunity to win a decisive victory. This was impossible for Austria to accept, since direct elections throughout the far-flung and diverse possessions of the Habsburg Empire would have the beginning of the end [for Austria].
What decided battle after battle was the ability of the Prussians, and the south Germans who had joined Prussia in the face of what seemed French aggression, to envelop enemy flanks as superior Prussian artillery held the French in place.
However, the Spanish provisional government was persistent and again made the offer. However, instead of declaring war right away, he sought a way to engineer the French into declaring war on Prussia first, so the south German states would join the north German alliance and insure the neutrality of the other great powers.
McGraw Hill, Mt. Benedetti had been instructed to demand that the Prussian monarch order Prince Leopold to withdraw his candidacy. The French maneuvers nevertheless combined to prolong the war to a point at which, despite the favorable terms Germany received, specifically French surrender of the frontier provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, Bismarck and Moltke were desperate to conclude peace and determined to avoid a similar situation in the future.
France was the obvious vehicle. Prior to the war France was the dominant European power and Prussia was the most powerful of several German states.
Napoleon III hoped a good short war would restore faith in his Empire. Two Prussian corps attacked the French advanced guard thinking that it was the rearguard of the retreat of the French Army of the Meuse.
The German 3rd army did not pursue the French but remained in Alsace and moved slowly south, attacking and destroying the French garrisons in the vicinity. Poor harvests all over Europe and the lack of real political freedom had spurred the people to action against the entrenched ruling classes and shrewd political opportunists used the uprisings for their own gain.
Bismarckfor his part, saw war with France as an opportunity to bring the South German states into unity with the Prussian-led North German Confederation and build a strong German Empire.
This war started because Napoleon III was told by his advisors that he would easily win the war and would gain back the love of his citizens Naranjo.
Wilhelm was insulted and refused this request.
The Austro-Prussian War effectively dissolved the German Confederation and in its place Bismarck formed the North German Confederation, bribing and cajoling all the German states north of the Main River to join-at least those which were not annexed outright-while still maintaining a democratic veneer, thin as it may have been.
Without Bismarck, the carefully orchestrated isolation of France would soon come to an end. Napoleon III, who had escaped encirclement at Metz, organized a relief force from the troops remaining to him. The underlying causes of the conflict were the determination of the Prussian statesman Prince Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck to unify Germany under Prussian control and, as a step toward this goal, to eliminate French influence over Germany.
They also had great faith in two recently introduced technical innovations: The leader of the monarchists in Parliament, Adolphe Thiersspoke for moderation, arguing that France had won the diplomatic battle and there was no reason for war, but he was drowned out by cries that he was a traitor and a Prussian.
The French emperor, Napoleon IIIdeclared war on Prussia on July 19,because his military advisers told him that the French army could defeat Prussia and that such a victory would restore his declining popularity in France. Despite odds of four to one, the III Corps launched a risky attack.
The Germans entered Paris briefly and left again without incident. Prussia was the largest and most dominant of the fractured German states, save the multi-national empire of Austria.May 12, · The Franco-Prussian War would have an enormous effect on the immediate and distant fate of Europe.
The most obvious of these effects being the emergence of the German Empire as one of the most, if not the, most powerful nation on the Continent. Mar 16, · Best Answer: The franco-prussian war and the crimean war helped cause ww1 by a germanic victory inturn this helped fuel ww2 which to most historians are regarded as the same war.
The Crimean war was won by saxons, the germanic war was won by germany. Both these wars desolved the ottoman empire which fueled Status: Resolved. Franco-Prussian War Causes of the Franco-Prussian War.
1k Views · View 10 Upvoters. Yvan Testu, Investor Hobbyist for 20 Years. Answered Jan 19, · Author has k answers and 1m answer views. How would the world have changed if the Franco-Prussian War never happened?
The Franco Prussian War. counted on the psychological effect of a French declaration of war to rally the south German states to Prussia's cause, thus accomplishing the final phase in the unification of Germany.
THE WAR BEGINS On July 19,France declared war on Prussia. World History Center. Franco-German War, also called Franco-Prussian War, (July 19, –May 10, ), war in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated France.
The war marked the end of French hegemony in continental Europe and resulted in the creation of a unified Germany. The causes of the Franco-Prussian War are deeply rooted in the events surrounding the German unification.
In the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War (), Prussia had annexed numerous territories and formed the North German Confederation.Download