King Louis also started to glorify the monarchy. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation. Even though they were powerful in both France and America at the start of each revolution, their strangleholds on both the people and economies of each nation were weakening.
However, the concept of absolutism was so ingrained in Russia that the Russian Constitution of still described the Tsar as an autocrat. I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport. The leading families saw their future in cooperation with the central government and worked to establish absolutist power.
When an Italian chemist offered him a bacteriological weaponhe gave him a pension on condition that he never divulge his invention. Now at the height of his power, the king set up "courts of reunion" to provide legal pretexts for the annexation of a series of towns along the Franco-German border.
With his skilful Prime Minister Richelieuwho vowed "to make the royal power supreme in France and France supreme in Europe. Marie-Therese Cardinal Mazarin Period of Glory The early personal reign of Louis was highly successful in both internal and foreign affairs. Louis, who desired nothing more than peace, hesitated but finally accepted the inheritance.
Early acts[ edit ] As the Thirty Years' War came to an end, a civil war known as the Fronde after the slings used to smash windows erupted in France. After a series of celebrated liaisons with mistresses, notably Louise de la Valliere and Madame de Montespan, Louis settled down to a more sedate life with Madame de Maintenon, whom he secretly married about Moreover, barred from New Francethey immigrated to other nations, most notably the 13 coloniestaking their skills of printingglass makingcarpentryceramicsa deep belief in the needs for freedom of religion at least for Protestantismand the right to bear arms.
He has been strongly criticized for his decision, but he had no alternative. Versailles became the seat of political power for King Louis XIV and remains a symbol of absolute monarchy to this day. Though not necessarily opposed to Spain, she sought to end the war with a French victory, in order to establish a lasting peace between the Catholic nations.
This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne. He succeeded his father on the throne at the age of four.
Another important similarity between the two revolutions in France and America was their emphasis on Enlightenment thought. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection.
Anne exiled some of her husband's ministers Chavigny, Bouthilierand she nominated Brienne as her minister of foreign affairs. At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed.
During his rule, Louis XIV implemented a variety of administrative reforms designed to bring order and stability to the French government.
The monarchy became increasingly isolated from the people and thereby assumed a decidedly mythical quality. Cardinal Mazarin was victorious in and constructed an extraordinary administration for the kingdom. Period of Decline The turning point in Louis's reign between the earlier grandeur and the later disasters came after Colbert's death Almost alone he had defeated a formidable coalition Spain and the Holy Roman emperor had joined the Dutch against him and dictated terms to the enemy.
One of the most important similarities between both the American Revolution and French Revolutions was that there was a growing dissent among the people aimed at the monarchy and its associated elite and aristocrats.
This was felt by the Netherlands, France's Protestant ally, which negotiated a separate peace with Spain in Breaking with tradition, Louis excluded from his council members of his immediate family, great princes, and others of the old military nobility noblesse d'epee ; his reliance on the newer judicial nobility noblesse de robe led the duc de Saint-Simon to call this, mistakenly, "the reign of the lowborn bourgeoisie.
Etiquette became a means of governing. His actions largely originated the militaristic streak of the Hohenzollern. Mazarin soon supported the Queen's position because he knew that her support for his power and his foreign policy depended on making peace with Spain from a strong position and on the Spanish marriage.
The aristocracy of Europe adopted the language and customs of the France where the Sun King had shone, although resentments lingered for a long time.
By the Peace of Nijmegen he gained more territory in Flanders, and the formerly Spanish Franche-Comte was added to France's eastern frontier, now fortified by the great siege expert, Sebastien Le Prestre de Vauban.Hyacinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV,oil on canvas, 9’2” x 6’3”.
Musée du Louvre, Paris Musée du Louvre, Paris The early seventeenth century was marked by unrest and near constant warfare; however, by the mid seventeenth century, France had emerged as Europe’s largest and most powerful country.
Louis was born on 5 September at St Germain-en-Laye. He became king at the age of four on the death of his father, Louis XIII. While Louis was a child, his mother, Anne of Austria, served as. The reign of Louis XIV is often referred to as “Le Grand Siècle” (the Great Century), forever associated with the image of an absolute monarch and a strong, centralised state.
By Gretchen Schmid. Ina young French aristocrat visiting King Louis XIV’s royal court was asked if he knew how to dance. The aristocrat, who went by Montbron, replied with characteristic. Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Biography of Louis XIV of France | Absolute monarch Embodiment of monarchical absolutism, his reign gave France the European hegemony and extraordinary cultural and artistic splendour.
That was raised to the height of a God above the nobility, as owner and Lord of the person and property of nineteen millions of French, was born September 5.Download