Using sources in a research paper

For all forms of citation, you must provide a bibliographical list of sources used.

Finding Sources

Documentation Any time that you use information that is not what is considered "common knowledge," you must acknowledge your source.

When paraphrasing, you must rewrite the original language, change the original sentence structure, and cite the source according to the expectations of the discipline. The bottom Using sources in a research paper of bread points out what was important about the quote and elaborates on what was being said.

When conducting an interview, you should prepare questions before you arrive and, if possible, record the interview so that you can correctly transcribe the quotes.

Tom's comment is introduced and quoted, while Alex's is introduced and summarized. Some, though not all, of these sources are now in electronic format, and may be accessible outside of the library using a computer.

Most library systems allow you to search by title, author, or subject headings, and most are cross-referenced.

Jars on shelves at canning, peach pits on the step, sticks, stones, leaves. Newspaper articles are sometimes in the bound periodicals, but are more often found on microfiche or microfilm.

Using Sources

For a quotation shorter than four lines, quotation marks are used and the page numbers fall inside the ending punctuation. For example, we could tell you about a study that says that everyone needs to get eight hours sleep a night and for every hour one is sleep deprived every hour below 8 one's IQ falls one point.

If you begin a quotation in mid-paragraph, there is no indention. She states that many of our students' personal decisions will have the inherent dangers of instant gratification, and so will their political decisions.

A. Finding Sources

These are signs of a reliable resource. Incorrect paraphrase Descartes suggests that the world is controlled by an evil demon who may be using his energies to deceive Lu Secondary sources are comments about primary sources such as analyses of creative work or original research, or historical interpretations of diaries and letters.

The summary must be in your own phrases and sentences. Background Gathering sources is much more complex than it used to be. Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type. Are they applicable to the topic of the article? For example, if you are searching for information about women in the Civil War, it would be too broad to enter just "women" and "war.

Here are some tools that help you find information for a particular field of interest: For direct quotations, citations alone are NOT sufficient; you must enclose the quoted material in quotation marks.

Maintain the mood and tone of the original. Further Information Many handbooks of writing provide extensive advice on documentation, including: If they do, you should check there as well as checking the computer.

Your local newspaper also may publish an index, which may be useful if you are researching local history or politics. Knowing about the different types of research you can use helps you determine what type will make your research paper stronger. Cover up the original article, it is key that you not quote from the original work.

How to Cite Sources in a Research Paper

You should look at your course guide carefully to determine which format you should be using. A good place to write notes down is on note cards. Taking notes, paraphrasing, and quoting Taking notes is an important part of doing research.

If you choose not to eat well, exercise, deal with stress, and avoid getting drunk, then your grades will go down Kanar This both implies that Beardsley said something that he did not, and prevents Michael from getting credit for his thoughtful analysis. The Hamilton College Honor Code requires that you acknowledge any help you receive on a class assignment.As we have already explained, in college-level research papers, as in published papers, it is unacceptable to put large chunks of other people's prose into your own words without citing them.

Nor can you take sentences, substitute a few synonyms and call them summaries. The dreaded research paper can leave many wondering where to go for information.

With the Internet being so accessible, it might be tempting to type words into Google and use whatever comes up first. You may get lucky and get great sources, or you may get stuck with less credible sites that leave your professor wondering where you got such information.

Jan 08,  · How to Research a Paper. Got a big research paper to write? If you want, you could also scan in or photocopy some of your paper sources, so you can make notes or highlight on copies of them! If reading PDFs online, learn how to highlight text for quick return referencing when writing up your paper%(92).

It depends on the audience of your research paper.

How can I find good sources for my research paper?

If you read the same fact in multiple sources, then you wouldn’t have to cite it, since for your audience it would. There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper.

You may quote. You may paraphrase.

Types of Sources for a Research Paper

Or you may summarize. All three. Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.

The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke ).

Using sources in a research paper
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